A Labor Contract between Hope Brannen and 'Summer, Monday and Cuffee freedmen formerly property of Hope Brannen and Mike freedman formerly property of M L Boykin, and Ned freedman formerly property of M Aldridge of South Carolina' ,,,,,,, and to 'deport themselves humbly and respectfully to the said Hope Brannen and family' This contract ran from Feb. 1 1866 to Dec. 31 1866.
Hope Brannen also agreed to furnish rations to the men and 3 women unnamed and nine children of the freedmen, Summer, Monday and Mike.
Hope Brannen 1844-1894 (son of Hope Brannen 1799-1862 & Sophia E Humphries)
Home in 1870 Screven, Georgia, wife Francis (Whetstone), children Clifford & Loulalia
Screven County is bordered by Effingham, Bulloch, Jenkins & Burke Counties, Georgia and Allendale & Hampton Counties, South Carolina
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
US Federal Census 1850 Slave Schedules ( Hope Brannen Senior, Screven County)
Labor Contract 1866
US Federal Census 1870 Hope Brannen
None of the life stories of the people we remember and honour in the Slave Name Roll Project are easy to tell. But some people jump out of the page and come to life before us. It is as though we can see them and hear their cries. One such person is George King.
George King arrived in Savannah, Georgia on June 4th 1865. He had walked from Quitman to Savannah, a journey of between 180 and 200 miles.
George left the plantation worked by the people enslaved by John and Thomas Scriven near Quitman after Hannah received 75 lashes from Agrippa the driver on the first day and 60 lashes from Reynolds, the overseer, on the second day.
Hannah was whipped because she had gone into the woods for half an hour.
John Screven, of Screven House, Savannah and Valdosta, Georgia, arrived at the plantation on the following day and said and did nothing about Hannah's savage whipping.
George King did not discover that he and Hannah and the 200 people who were still on the plantation, were Free People until he arrived in Savannah in June 1865.
His shock is apparent in every line as he says over and over again that no-one told them they were free.
'I never heard any person White or Black say we were free until I got to Savannah'
On June 5th 1865, within 12 hours of his arrival, George King gave his Testimony to Rev. J H Fowler, Chaplain 33 U S C I
Because of his courage, we know Hannah's name and we remember her today and her friend George King who gave Testimony to her life.
Rev. James H Fowler 1841-1925
Map below of Quitman, Georgia today
Betty Coachman was born c 1820 in Savannah, Georgia. She opened an account with the Freedman's Bank in Savannah Georgia on March 15, 1870. Her residence was at Arnold with Letitia Reynolds.
Betty's husband was Josiah.
Betty's children were
Mary Brennan, age 30 years
Julia Ann Coachman
Her parents were John, dec., and Judy Battamas. dec.
Betty Coachman's sisters were Mary, Rachel and Lucy.
The note underneath sparked my interest 'deposited by Letitia Reynolds Record?'
My research suggests that this is the same Letitia Reynolds recorded in the Savannah Georgia Registers of Free Persons of Color 1817-1864
Letitia Reynolds is described as a seamstress. Her Guardian is Dr. R D Arnold.
In the 1870 U S Federal Census fo Savannah, Chatham County, Dr Richard D Arnold is recorded as living in a household with William Cosens, a Fire Inspector, Ellen Cosens (his wife?) and the Cosens children, Martha, Richard and Georgia.
People recorded as servants in the household were;
In the 1860 U S Federal Census Slave Schedule, Dr Richard D Arnold is listed as the owner of 9 enslaved people and Mrs Ellen Cosens as the owner of 15 enslaved people.
Savannah Georgia Registers of Free Persons of Color 1817-1864
Freedman's Bank Records
1860 U S Federal Census-Slave Schedules
U S Federal Census 1870 Dr. R D Arnold household
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject to honour those who suffered under slavery.
The Last Will and Testament of John M. Gorsuch of Baltimore, Maryland 1845 identifies three distinct family groups.
Lydia Buly & her daughter Martha
The Will instructs that Martha is to be returned to her mother.
Jane Osborn & her daughter Lydia
Lydia is bequeathed to John M Gorsuch' sister Eleanor Merryman.
Thery Ford & his sons David and Elias.
David and Elias are also bequeathed to Eleanor Merryman.
There is another entry for Edward son of Joshua but this is not clear.
There is also reference made to a Deed of Manumission dated March 27 1833 Baltimore County Court in Libor A. J. ? 50, folio 159? which I have been unable to find at this time
Beneficiaries of the Will
Edward Gorsuch Nephew
John T Gorsuch Grandnephew (son of Edward)
Dickinson & Thomas Gorsuch Grandnephews (sons of Edward)
Eleanor Merryman sister
Deborah Bryan sister
Nathaniel Stansbury stepson
In the US Federal Census Slave Schedules 1850, a John Gorsuch is recorded as the owner of 1 enslaved person, a woman aged 40.
This research has ben undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject with the heartfelt hope that the descendants of Lydia Buly, Jane Osborn and Thery Ford will be reunited with them.
National Archives Last Will & Testament of John M Gorsuch incl. in the file of Edward Gorsuch
Gorsuch Stansbury Marriage 1811
US Federal Census 1850 for Edward Gorsuch & sons Dickenson & Thomas
US Federal Census Slave Schedules 1850
On May 9th, 1872, Phillis O Neil, opened an account at the Freedman's Bank in Charleston, South Carolina. She was 54 years old and she worked as a Cook, Wash and Seamstress. Her account numbered 10605, was rich in family information but so sad. Phillis' husband was Robert O Neil. Robert was 'killed' at Columbia?
Phillis was the daughter of James Brisbane, dec., and Charlotte, dec.
Phillis' children were
Brisbane, dec., and
Charlotte Watson and
She had 2 sisters Susan Geddis and Lizzie Sanders.
I found 2 women by the name of Susan Geddes in the 1880 Federal Census Charleston.
Susan Geddis, wife of Elex Geddes, in St. John's Coleton, mother of Rebecca and grandmother of Susan and
Susan Geddis, born 1818, wife of Stephen Geddis was living in St. Andrews, Charleston in 1880.
Nearby was the family of London Geddis (34), his wife Martha (25), and their children Isaac, Sarah and Celia. Given London's age I am wondering if he was Susan and Stephen's son.
However, after a cup of coffee, I began to wonder if Susan might also have opened a Bank account and then I found her in 1870; Susan Geddes born and raised in Charleston, sister of Phillis O Neil and Elizabeth Sanders. Susan was born 1807 and was a Nurse working for Charles Levey. Susan was 'imperfect in both eyes' and accompanied by her son Baccus Geddes 'only child ever had' Susan's father was Thomas Faulkner and her mother was Charlotte Brisbane, both dec. Susan also had a brother James Crocket, dec. Susan was seperated from her husband and no name is given.
Her employer's name Charles Levy was the break I needed. In the 1870 Federal Census, I found Chas Levy with his wife Lov and children, Chas, El, Hatte, Rose, Lov and Joe. There are also 7 people more people living in the household described as domestic servants of whom Sue Getters (Susan Geddes) is one.
By 1880 Charles Levy has become a Naval Stores Inspector and the family has grown to 10 children. Next door? are living Susan Grant and her daughter Mary Ann Grant, both servants, Robert Haynes, a coachdriver and Clara Young also a servant. Robert Haynes was listed as part of Charles Levy's household in 1870. Susan Geddes/Getters is no longer in either household.
In 1870, there is a Baccus/Bacchus Geddis, a painter living in the household of Harriet Green in Charleston Ward 5. There is also an Elizabeth Geddis listed in the household (his wife?)
I was unable to find a death certificate for Phillis O Neil, her sister Susan Geddes orher nephew Baccus Geddis at this time.
I learned a lot in this piece of research, the importance of not getting hung up on the spellings of names and the importance of checking to see if other family members opened accounts in the Freedman's Bank. In doing this, I was able to find that Phillis followed her sister in opening an account in the bank.
I also learned that Phillis and Susan's mother was Charlotte Brisbane and that their fathers were James Brisbane and Thomas Faulkner respectively. Time does not allow me to search for Elizabeth Sanders. It is important to remember that Phillis, Susan and Elizabeth were born into slavery as were most of the people above (apart from the Levy family) The opening of bank accounts by Phillis and Susan was a momentous occasion and because of it we are able to remember and honour their family members. I hope that if you are searching for any of the people above that this piece of research will help you along your way. If you discover what became of the sisters I would love to hear from you in the comments below.
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Freedman's Bank record 1872
Federal Census 1880 Geddis
Federal Census 1880 Geddis
Federal Census 1870 spelling Getters
Federal Census 1870 Bacchus Geddis
Mollie was born into slavery in 1852, in Monroe, Georgia, the daughter of Jack Brannon and Maria.
She had two brothers, Ben and Lewis and two sisters, Lorraine and Harriet.
Mollie married George Grant and by 1871 they had three children Jeff, Adam and Marie.
On June 22nd 1871, Mollie Grant, whilst living in Decatur St., took the proud step of opening a savings account in the Freedman's Bank in Atlanta, De Kalb County, Georgia.
This research has been undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Freedman's Bank Records 1865-1874 Atlanta, Georgia
Hannah Blake of Louisville, Kentucky made a claim to the Freedmen's Bureau in respect of her son Benjamin Pitts who served in the U.S. Coloured Troops. Benjamin enlisted in Indianapolis and was killed at the Battle of Petersburg 1864/5.
Hannah was born in Augusta County, Virginia and at the time of her application was aged 49 years. She was described as a labourer, complexion Black, hair Black, eyes Black and 5 ft. 5.5 in. tall.
The remarks at the end of the page appear to be Hannah's own words
'Benjamin was a slave of William Pendleton, Jefferson County, Kentucky at the time he enlisted. I belonged to Doctor Abraham Brannon of Louisville at the time Benjamin enlisted.'
In the 1860 Slave Schedule William Pendleton of Bullitt County, Kentucky is listed as the slaveholder of 2 boys, one aged 16 and the other aged 10.
Abraham/Abram Brannon/O'Brannon is listed in the 1860 Slave Schedule in Louisville, Jefferson County as the slaveholder of 4 slaves,
1 Black Male age 52,
1 Mullatto Female age 49,
1 Black Female age 28,
1 Mullatto Female age 22.
He is listed as a Merchant, aged 39, with property of 67,000 (Real Estate) & 90,000 (Personal Property). His family are named Elizabeth (wife?) James R., Lizzie, Laura, Alice B, & Mattie. They are all Kentucky born.
The U.S Federal Census 1880 lists Hannah Blake age 57, born c. 1823 in Virginia of parents born in Virginia, living with her husband Benjamin Blake in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky and her son John W born c. 1854. Benjamin Blake worked in the Tobacco Factory.
By 1900, Hannah Blake is aged 75 and widowed and described as the aunt of William Clark. She is living with (her son ?) John Blake, William Clark and his wife Laura Davis Clark, Laura's mother Phillis Davis, William Porter and Ellnora Felsco. Hannah is listed as the mother of 3 children with 2 living.
In 1910, Hannah is living with her son John W and his wife Emma. They have been married for 3 years
I have been unable to access the full death record but it appears that Hannah Blake died in 1913.
This research has been undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject.
U.S. Freedmen's Bureau Claim Records 1865-1872
Battle of Petersburg
U.S. Federal Census 1880
U.S. Index to Pension Files application no. 601382
U.S. Federal Census 1900
U.S. Federal Census 1910
Death Record 1913
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the above information, mistakes do happen. If you are aware of any please comment (gently) below with supporting links so that corrections can be made. Many thanks, M.
Adele Gardiner, a mulatto woman, is listed as a domestic, in the household of Charles & Celeste Gardiner in New Orleans on June 19th, 1860. (This appears to be an uncommon entry) Adele was born in Louisiana, as were her children Eugene, b.1855 and Mary b. 1857. Celeste Gardiner, the mistress of the household, was also born in Louisiana and her husband Charles was born in New Hampshire.
I discovered Adele in an application for emancipation made by her husband Louis to the Provisional Court of the United States for the State of Louisiana, based on the will of Charles Gardiner which went to probate on Oct. 9th 1860. Durant A Hornor acted for the petitioner.
The extract quoted from the will of Charles Gardiner states that it is his wish that Louis and his family remain with his wife Celeste until her death, and that Louis be set free, should he desire it, upon her death, so far as Charles executors can do it.
On July 14th 1860, Octave de Armas, Notary Public, appeared before the court to state that Charles Gardiner had sworn before him on April 1st 1856 that he had purchased Adele and her son Eugene from Antoine & Josephine Raly and that he had agreed with Adele that she could purchase her freedom and that of her son Eugene for 600 dollars. Octave de Armas further stated that Adele had paid 600 dollars to Charles Gardiner in Dec. 1859. The language following is quite convoluted but seems to state that under the laws of the State of Louisiana, Adele and her son cannot be freed but that Charles Gardiner gave some kind of undertaking that he and/or his descendants would free Adele, Eugene and any other children she had, should the law allow.
Another document enclosed in the file is a sworn document stating that Celeste Gardiner relinquishes all right to the person or services of Adele and all her children. It is signed by Celeste Gardiner, Charles Gardiner and Octave de Amas (Notary Public) and Adele (her mark). Adele is written as Adele Gouvreanc (sp. ?) Celeste Gardiner is noted as Celeste Duplessis, widow by a first marriage to Ogden and currently wife of Charles Gardiner.
Louis and Adele's Petition for Emancipation was granted on June 19th 1863 by Judge Peabody.
I found an Adele and a Louis Lewis living in the Parish of St. John Baptist in the 1880 US Census but I cannot be sure that they are the same couple.
If you have more information about Adele Gardiner/Gouvreanc I would love to hear it. I am full of questions; why did Charles Gardiner go to so much trouble to purchase Adele and her children? Was it for his wife, Celeste? How did Adele herself come up with 600 dollars? Was Charles Gardiner trying to protect Adele and her children or was he trying to prevent her emancipation?
This research was undertaken as a contibution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Petition for Emancipation
US Census 1860
US Census 1880
1850 Slave Schedule~ Antoine Raly, Jackson, Mississippi
Return of Deaths in Charleston, Aug. 6-13 1826
Polydore (J Lantiestez ?), Male, Black, Slave, 30yrs, Suicide (Apoplexy crossed out), born Charleston, residence Charleston, interred City Burial Ground.
Isaac (M Long), Male, Black, Slave, 12 months, Diarrhoea, born Charleston, residence Charleston, interred CBG.
Marian (M B Mazyck) Black, Female, Slave, 65 yrs, Dropsey, b Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
June (E.D. Legard) Male, Black, Slave, 100 yrs., Old Age, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred African Methodist
No Name (C M Hyanis) Female, Black, Slave, 3 months, Diarrhoea, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred Methodist.
Isaac (S Harbers) Male, Black, Slave, 18 months, ? Fever, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred E?
Isaac (T Sullivan) Male, Black, Slave, 24 months, Accidents, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
No Name (J Gotsinger) Female, Black, Slave, 6 days, Convulsions, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
Henry (M Cohen), Male, Black, Slave, 18 yrs., Coruitry?, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
John (E S Dickson), Male, Black, Slave, 55yrs, Palsy, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred African Methodist
Margaret Burckneyer, Female, Black, Freeperson, 13 months, Diarrhoea, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred Machfeelah ?
Abel Brannon, Male, Black, Freeperson, 50 yrs., Cra?, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred Machfeelah ?
Binah (D J Waring) Female, Black, Slave, 9 wks., Diarrhoea, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
Hazaid (D Scorsee) Male, Black, Slave, 30 yrs., Consumption, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred CBG
Henry (J Manning) Male, Black, Slave, 10 yrs., ? of Brain, b. Charleston, res. Charleston, interred Methodist
African Methodist Episcopal, Charleston was established in 1818 under the leadership of Rev. Morris Brown. It had a congregation of over 4,000.
City Burial Ground, Charleston County can be found on www.findagrave.com
South Carolina Slaveholders
In 1820 there was 6,826 Free People of Colour living in the State of South Carolina and 258,475 enslaved people.
If you know the correct spellings for the names of the slaveholders listed above, or any further information which may assist African American families in their search for family, please leave a comment in the box below.
This research has been undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Harris County, Georgia was created in 1827 from lands which were originally part of Muskogee and Troup Counties. In 1833, believing that he was in his last days, John Myrick of Harris County made his will. I have not been able to ascertain at this time if the will was proven.
He provided for his children; Elizabeth Cody, Richard Myrick, Isiah? Myrick, Mary Nilliford?, William Myrick, Ann Rinder?, Howell Myrick and his grandsons Simonson & William Cody/Cady.
Richard Myrick to inherit
and his wife Adruny ? (unusually John Myrick acknowledges a marriage existed)
Aaron, a man
and the boy Peter.
(In the 1850 Slave Schedules there is a Richard Myrick age 65 of District 58, Pike, Georgia with 8 slaves, wife Nancy and 3 daughters. In the 1860 Slave Schedule, he still has 8 slaves. I cannot confirm if he is the same Richard at this time.)
Isiah? Myrick to inherit
2 men Hector
Mary Nilliford? to inherit
a man Tilson
and a girl Katherine
William Myrick to inherit
a couple of boys John
Ann Rinder? to inherit
the boy Daniel
Howell Myrick to inherit
Heagar, a woman
and 3 of her children, (implies that Heagar had other children, possibly the boys and girl mentioned above)
This research is a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Georgia Probate Records
1850 US Federal Census Slave Scedule
African American Genealogy