In the 1850 US Federal Census Slave Schedules,
E G Wickware, Simpson, Kentucky with 5 enslaved people, women and girls aged 30, 16, 13 & 6 and 1 boy aged 12
James Wickware, District 17, Sumner, Tennessee, a man aged 20 and a boy aged 14
Moses Wickware, Mobile, Alabama, 22 enslaved people
& A Wickware, Cherokee, Texas with 2 boys aged 7 & 3, are listed as slaveholders.
In Logan County, Kentucky, 1850, Alpheus Wickware (28) is listed with his wife? Martha (21) and children? James, Elijah & Mary. All Kentucky born. They do not appear to have any enslaved people.
In Simpson County, Kentucky, 1850 Vincent Wickware was living in the household of Elijah & Nancy Cushinburry. There is clearly a strong connection between the Cushinburry and Wickware families. But I haven't been able to pin it down as yet.
By 1860 Vincent Wickware is recorded with 2 enslaved people, a man aged 30 and a girl aged 10.
In 1870, Pompey Wickware 23 a wagoner & Jinnie Wickware 20 a domestic servant, both Kentucky born are living in the household of Vincent Wickware and his wife Amanda in Franklin, Simpson County. Jinnie is the right age to be the 10yr old girl in the 1860 Census.
There is also a family named Wickware living in Subdistrict 150, Simpson, Kentucky, 1870, all of whom were born in Virginia, Willis age 60, black, Siloy his wife? age 50, mulatto & Rolley age 24, black.
By 1860, Elijah Wickware 1814-1875 of Franklin, Simpson County was recorded with 7 enslaved people, 1 boy aged 4, and 6 women & girls aged 23, 21, 17, 7 & 1.
Elijah Wickware Familysearch ID KH2H-MQN son of Samuel Wickware & Elizabeth Cushinbury and born in Tennessee was married to Mary Ann Hail 1820-1896
Find A Grave Memorial# 93438246
I have been unable to find a death record or residence in 1870 for Elijah Wickware and would be grateful to anyone who could help me.
By 1880 there are a number of Wickware families living in Franklin, Simpson County with family names incl. Cushinbury, Montague, Neely etc. One of the most interesting is the household of Mary Cushenberry with sisters Jane Montague and Josee Wickware. This entry may be the key to tying all the family groups together.
I checked the Freedman Bureau Marriage Records, Kentucky but did not find Wickware or Cushenberry marriages. However I did find the following.
Henry & Kitty Ware who married on May 1st 1853 at Mr. Heilly Dury, Davies County. Their marriage and their children, Eliza, Charles & Ellen were acknowledged finally on Nov 2nd 1867 Owensboro, Kentucky.
Andy & Rosetta Weir who married on Dec 25th 1846 at Mr. Richard Barrett at Davies County, Kentucky. Their marriage and their children Mary Margaret (24) Diana (18) Martha Jane (15) Elizabeth (13) Harriet Ann (10) Francis Ball/Doll? (5) were finally acknowledged on March 30th 1869 Owensboro, Kentucky. In the US Federal Census Slave Schedules 1850, there are 3 Richard Barretts listed as slaveholders and also a James Weir Junior with 20 enslaved people in Davies County.
Washington & Mercy Weir whose marriage was acknowledged on June 16th 1886 at Owensboro, Kentucky.
This research has been undertaken as a contribution to the Slave Name Roll Project and the Beyond Kin Project in order to honour those who suffered under slavery and in hopes that families may be reunited. I hope that it will prove a starting point for those who have access to paper records. If you have a blog or links to online material which will assist others, please post in the comments section below.
Wickware, Simpson County, Kentucky, 1850
Wickware, Logan County, Kentucky 1850
Jinnie Wickware 1870
Willis Wickware 1870
Mary Cushenberry 1880
Henry & Kitty Ware 1853
Washington & Mercy Weir 1886
Andy & Rosetta Weir 1846
I found this index of a record for Charles Wickware USCT 48th Infantry. The file may reveal a lot more information about the Wickware family than I can currently access.
Pension file 17787443
The 1850 US Federal Census Slave Schedule
Gorsuch, Abram, District 2, Jefferson, Kentucky
Gorsuch, Ann, District 2, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch Ann, District 4, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Benjamin, District 2, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Chas B, District 1, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch Edward, District 1, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, George, District 4, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, James, District 7, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Jehu, Baltimore Ward 5, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Nathan, District 4, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Nelson, District 2, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch Noah, District 1, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Peregrine, Baltimore Ward 6, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Robert, Baltimore ward 6, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Stephen, District 9, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Thomas, District 2, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, William, District 2, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch,William, District 2, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, William, Baltimore Ward 8, Baltimore, Maryland
The 1860 US Federal Census Slave Schedules
Gorsuch, Charles, District 2, Mason, Kentucky
Gorsuch, Happy, District 2, Mason Kentucky
There is 1 return for Gorsuch, Happy in Kentucky 1870
Gorsuch, C A, New Orleans Ward 111, Orleans, Louisiana
There are 5 returns for Gorsuch in the 1870 US Federal Census.
Gorsuch, Dickinson, District 8, Baltimore, Marylannd
Gorsuch, Ellender, District 8, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, John W, Woolerys, Carroll Maryland
Gorsuch Nathan, Woolerys, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Noah, Ward 8, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Perigine, Baltimore City Ward 8, Baltimore Maryland
Gorsuch, R D, Franklin, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch Stephen, Freedom, Carroll, Maryland
Gorsuch, Thomas, District 11, Baltimore. Maryland
Gorsuch, Thomas B, District 11, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, Thomas L, District 8, Baltimore, Maryland
Gorsuch, William, P, Freedom, Carroll, Maryland
There are 297 returns for Gorsuch Maryland in the 1880 US Federal Census.
Gorsuch, Wm M, 8 Civil District, Hardin, Tennessee
There are 11 returns for Gorsuch in Tennessee in the 1880 US Federal Census.
In 1865, Jeptha Harris 1818-1899 made a Labour Contract with Free People in Lowndes County, Mississippi.
J V Harris was born in Georgia abt. 1818 as was his wife Mary.
In 1850, Jeptha Harris had 200 enslaved people. The enslaved population (as per the 1850 Slave Schedule) in Lowndes County, Mississippi was 12,996.
In 1860 he had 91 enslaved people.
The 1865 contract is punitive.
What makes this document valuable is that the 51 Free People who agreed to the contract did so in family groups. The following list gives the Head of Household first, if there is a single name then that person was not recognised as part of a family group. Children too young to work are not listed, however it is clear from the terms of the contract that at least some of these families had very young children.
Jim's family;Jim, Julia Anne & William
Emerson's family; Emerson, Susan, Willis & William
Randall's family; Randall, ?? & Betty
Daniel's family; Daniel & Delia
Henry Moore's family; Sam & Bill
Sampson's family; Sampson, Jane, Indiana, Bill, Cornelius, Savannah & Ivory
Solomon's family; Solomon & Julia
Mack;s family; Mack, Julia Anne, Emily & Milicent?
Cloe's family; Granville & Elijah
Adam's family; Adam & Gus
Crockett's family; Crockett & Georgia Anna
Andrew's family; Andrew & 2 sons
Jesse's family; Jesse & Jane (Jesse and/or Jane signed the paper themselves)
I cannot find a return for the 1870 US Federal Census online. I had hoped to be able to find at least some of the families if they remained in the area. I wondered if they retained the family names as described in the contract or if they changed them.
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Jeptha V Harris 1850 Slave Schedule
Labour Contract 1865/6
Family search number for Jeptha Vining Harris LH2W-785
you will need to take up a free membership with familysearch in order to view this tree
Find A Grave Memorial# 12915199
Dear friends, if you have identified a slaveholder you might find it useful to see if there is any new information about your family listed below. In some cases there are mere scraps of information but my hope is that even these little pieces might help you to find your family. You can put the names in the search box above and hopefully it will take you straight to the person you are researching. When you get there, if you can add anything to the research please do so in the comments box underneath the named person, links to other research blogs or online links to historical records.
The lives of the enslaved people we remember and honour were gruelling. Their courage and fortitude is awe-inspiring. Any comments which dishonour them will be deleted immediately.
PS On a personal note if you have information about Brennan/Brannon (& other variants) Slaveholders or Free People of Colour I would welcome it as my main focus is on these family names.
George Heard & Lish Anne Shackleford married on August 12 in Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Both were resident in Clark County at the time of their marriage.
George was aged 28. His parents were described as Dark. George had lived with another woman for 2 yrs and they had 1 child together. They were separated by 'adultery'.
Lish was aged 16yrs. Her father was white and her mother Black. Lish was described as yellow.
In the 1860 Census, there are 2 white Shackleford families living in Elkins Township, Clark County, Arkansas.
Thomas J Shacleford born in Tennessee abt. 1832. Acc. to the 1860 Slave Schedule, Thomas J Shacklford of Elking Township had 2 enslaved girls, both Black aged 18 and 11. The 18 yr old is transcribed as age 12 but it looks more like 18 to me. The 11 yr old is marked as a Fugitive from the State.
J M Shakleford born in Tennessee abt 1834. Acc. to the 1860 Slave Schedule, J M Shackleford of Elking Township had 2 enslaved women, one aged 23 and one aged 5, both Mulatto and both marked Fugitive from the State.
The 1860 Slave Schedule also shows an RM Shackelford of Antwine Township, Clark County with 4 enslaved people. One woman, Black aged 30 and 3 boys, Mulatto aged 16, 10 and 6.
R M Shackelford was also born in Tennessee in 1828.
There is also an A T Heard in Arkadelphia in the 1860 Slave Schedule with 4 enslaved people, a woman aged 20 with 2 girls aged 11 and 8 and a boy aged 4. The boy is described as Mulatto and a Fugitive from the State.
I was unable to find a George Heard with a wife Lish at this time in the 1870 Census.
Questions raised and unanswered
Did George and Lish change their names?
Did they leave Arkansas by 1870?
Why were so many small children marked as Fugitive in Clark County Slave Schedules?
Who was Lish' father?
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Arkansas Marriage 1865
Thomas J Shacleford 1860
J M Shakleford 1860
R M Shackelford 1860
T A & Catherine Heard 1860
On August 9, 1865, Edward Tate of Clark County married Margaret Tate of Clark County in Arkadelphia, Arkansas.
Arkadelphia is the county seat of Arkansas and is situated at the foot of the Ouachita Mountains. In 1870 it had a population of 948.
Edward was aged 25 at the time of the marriage and described as Dark. He had lived with another woman for 4yrs and is described as having been separated by adultery. Edward and this unnamed woman had 3 children together.
Margaret, a Black woman was aged 28, her mother was described as Light. Margaret had lived with another man for 5yrs and they had 2 children together, Margaret was separated from her previous partner by 'being sold'.
At the time of their marriage they had not been united with their children.
The minister at their marriage was PM Carmichael, Justice of the Peace.
In 1865, probably December, Ned Tate, his wife Margaret and 1 child were in an employment contract with Randolph Brown. Arkadelphia for Board, Medical Aid? and $10.50 per annum. The record also has a note which says '#Cancelled by written order'
It is interesting to note that Randolph Brown married Emily C Tate on Nov. 20 1849 in Clark County, Arkansas
In 1870, Ned & Margaret were living in Missouri Township, Clark County with Edward Tate age 10, Culler/Cullis Tate age 8 and Simon Tate age 20.
This snapshot of Ned & Margaret Tate's life throws up a number of questions.
Were they ever reunited with all their children?
Could there be a bill of Sale which identifies Margaret or her previous partner?
Was Randolph Brown or Emily Tate's father their previous slaveholder?
Why was the labour contract cancelled?
Was Margaret's mother the daughter of a slaveholder?
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject at slavenamerollproject.blogspot.ie/ in hopes that families can reunite.
1870 US Federal Census
Marriage Record 1865
Labour Contact 1865
Possible Death Date 1923
Brown/Tate marriage 1849
Randolph Brown & Family 1870
Mary Bell nee Rice told her life story in 1937 with great pride. Her father, brother, husband and son were all army men. "I love a man who will fight for his rights, and any person that wants to be something."
Mary Rice named her slaveholder as Kitty Diggs. Kitty Diggs also enslaved Mary's mother Orie/Arie Rice and all her children. I found one reference to Kitty Daggs/Margaret Catherine Daggs born in Virginia 1828 at findagrave buried in Lewistown Cemetery, Lewis County, Missouri. However I did find a Catherine L Diggs living in the household of FW Diggs in Howard County Missouri in 1850. There is an FW Digges named in the Slave Schedule of 1850 in Howard County with 7 enslaved people. I cannot confirm at this time if this is the same Kitty that Mary Bell nee Rice names. Mary was 'hired out' at age 7 to a Presbyterian minister (unnamed) and later to Henry Tillman, a baker.
By 1870 Mary was reunited with her father and mother.
She married Joseph Belle/Bell in 1874, but sadly was widowed by 1900. See the 1900 Census at the top of the page.
Mary Rice gave additional information about her father, Spottwood Rice (known as Spot during slavery) who was enslaved by Lewis the tobacco grower.
In her research Angela Walton Raji identified Lewis the tobacco grower as Benjamin Lewis when she found a bill of sale for Spot(s)wood Rice dated 1843 in his military record. In the 1860 US Federal Census~Slave Schedules Benj W Lewis of Chariton, Howard, Missouri is recorded as a slaveholder of 55 enslaved people, 14 women and 41 men.
I failed to see the second post by Angela Walton Raji until after I had searched for confirmation of the above. You can read more of Spottswood Rice's life in exquisite detail at usctchronicle.blogspot.ie/2012/04/life-words-and-actions-of-spottswood.html
My research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Mary Bell age 85 in 1937
Mary Bell's father Spottwood Rice
Benjamin Lewis of Chariton, Howard, Missouri 1860 US Federal Census~Slave Schedule
Death of Kitty Daggs 1910
1870 US Federal Census~St. Louis, Missouri~Rice family
Catherine Diggs Howard County 1850 US Federal Census
Mary Bell 1900 US Federal Census
The US Federal Census 1860 showed that 43.7% of the population of Georgia was enslaved.
Tall Boyd gave testimony of his escape from Slavery on June 8th, 1865 to J H Fowler, Chaplain of the 33rd USCD.
He named his slaveholder as James Horrell of Station Valdosta, Lowndes County, Georgia. James Horrell had become a Lieutenant in the War and in his absence his brother Charles Horrell had 'care of the people.'
Tall Boyd speaks of his mother who lived with James Horrell, his wife to whom he brought honey and his brother who lived about 15 miles away but he does not name them.
Tall Boyd was chased by hounds to the Satilla River.
He also speaks of a man named Scott Boyd who was 'run' by the hounds and Mr. Gibson and John Boyd.
Tall Boyd named his sister Maria who received 60 lashes from James Horrell and Patty who received 75 lashes.
Mr. Tilman whipped 'his man Willis' about 250 lashes because he let his mare get out of the stables.
He ends his statement by saying that 'all the white people' still hold 'their negroes as slaves for a hundred miles west of the Altamaha River.
This research has been undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Together we honour their names.
Testimony of Tall Boyd page 1
Testimony of Tall Boyd page 2
Coming to terms with Slavery in South Georgia
History of Lowndes County Georgia
The Mary Turner Project
An agreement was entered into on January 22nd 1866, between Elbert Lanier, freedman of Bulloch County, Georgia, and Harrison Brannin that Elbert's wife with her infant child, would work for Brannin for the year 1866. Elbert Lanier was himself in contract with Joseph Wilson Senior in 1866 and was to receive the product of 10 acres of Wilson's land.
According to the 1870 US Census, Elbert was born about 1840 in Georgia, his wife Clarisa about 1846 and their children, Harriet 1865, Dunk 1868 and Katie 1869.
In the 1860 US Census Slave Schedule there is a Harrison Brannin recorded in Bulloch County as the slaveholder of one male age 9. It appears that this young boy has been manumitted as there is a tick in that box. It is interesting to note that there is a Catherine Lanier slaveholder of a girl age 19 and a boy age 16 living nearby.
By 1880, Elbert & Clarissa Lanier's family has grown to include Penca Ann, Agnes & Wesley.
In 1910, Elbert Lainey has two of his grandchildren living with him, Lula & Eliza J Jolly.
He died in 1913 and is buried in Old Salem Cemetary, Uvalda, Montgomery, Georgia.
Old Salem Cemetary is also the resting place of Isaiah Nixon who was murdered in 1948 after voting.
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Georgia Freedman's Bureau 1866 Elbert Lanier
Georgia Freedman's Bureau 1866
US Federal Census 1870
1860 US Federal Census~Slave Schedule
US Federal Census 1880
US Federal Census 1900
US Federal Census 1910
Grave of Elbert Lanier
US Federal Census 1920 Clarissa Lanier
Grave of Clarocy Lanier 1920
Isaiah Nixon -1948
On May 8th 1871 Patrick Allman opened an account at the Freedman's Bank in Atlanta, Georgia.
Patrick was born in South Carolina c1835 but he grew up in Morgan County, Georgia.
Patrick's wife was named Georgiana and his children, Joseph, Sophia and Patrick.
The family lived on Crew Street, Atlanta.
Patrick worked a s a Blacksmith.
Patrick's parents were Brannan & Penny Brannan.
His brothers were William, Joseph, Charles & Bowdy.
He had one sister Sophia.
In the US Federal Census 1880, Patrick Almand, Blacksmith, is recorded in Rockdale, Georgia, with his wife Georgia and children, Patrick Junior, Floyd & Mary. They have 2 boarders, John Allen & William Dodd, both Farmhands.
In the US Federal Census 1860 Slave Schedule there are only two Allman/Almands listed as slaveholders, Reuben C Alman in Goss, Morgan County, Georgia. He is listed as the slaveowner of one woman aged 18, one man aged 40 and one boy aged 1. The second is Wrsa M Almand, with a 42 year old man and a 9 year old girl.
In the 1850 US Federal Census there is a Reuben, the son of William C Alman & Catherine. His siblings were Thomas, Hailes & Labertha. Next door an elderly couple called James M Allman & Mary Allman lived who may have been William Allman's parents.
However in the 1860 US Federal Census there is a more likely possibility in the entry concerning Rewben C Almand, his wife Malinda and children, William, John D, James S, George, Reuben L, Martha, Jenny R & Henry P.
Value of Real Estate $4,000 and Personal Estate $2,500
Reuben C Almand died in 1871. His grave record confirms his parents as James M Allman & Mary Morrison Allman.
In 1892, the widow Malinda Almand applied for a pension on account of her husband's service in the Indian Wars.
This research was undertaken as a contribution to the #SlaveNameRoll Project.
Patrick Almand US Federal Census 1880
Freedman's Bank Record, Atlanta, Georgia
1850 US Federal Census
1860 US Federal Census
Indian Wars Pension Application
Death of Reuben C Almand 1871
African American Genealogy