African American Genealogy
African American Genealogy
Adele Gardiner, a mulatto woman, is listed as a domestic, in the household of Charles & Celeste Gardiner in New Orleans on June 19th, 1860. (This appears to be an uncommon entry) Adele was born in Louisiana, as were her children Eugene, b.1855 and Mary b. 1857. Celeste Gardiner, the mistress of the household, was also born in Louisiana and her husband Charles was born in New Hampshire.
I discovered Adele in an application for emancipation made by her husband Louis to the Provisional Court of the United States for the State of Louisiana, based on the will of Charles Gardiner which went to probate on Oct. 9th 1860. Durant A Hornor acted for the petitioner.
The extract quoted from the will of Charles Gardiner states that it is his wish that Louis and his family remain with his wife Celeste until her death, and that Louis be set free, should he desire it, upon her death, so far as Charles executors can do it.
On July 14th 1860, Octave de Armas, Notary Public, appeared before the court to state that Charles Gardiner had sworn before him on April 1st 1856 that he had purchased Adele and her son Eugene from Antoine & Josephine Raly and that he had agreed with Adele that she could purchase her freedom and that of her son Eugene for 600 dollars. Octave de Armas further stated that Adele had paid 600 dollars to Charles Gardiner in Dec. 1859. The language following is quite convoluted but seems to state that under the laws of the State of Louisiana, Adele and her son cannot be freed but that Charles Gardiner gave some kind of undertaking that he and/or his descendants would free Adele, Eugene and any other children she had, should the law allow.
Another document enclosed in the file is a sworn document stating that Celeste Gardiner relinquishes all right to the person or services of Adele and all her children. It is signed by Celeste Gardiner, Charles Gardiner and Octave de Amas (Notary Public) and Adele (her mark). Adele is written as Adele Gouvreanc (sp. ?) Celeste Gardiner is noted as Celeste Duplessis, widow by a first marriage to Ogden and currently wife of Charles Gardiner.
Louis and Adele's Petition for Emancipation was granted on June 19th 1863 by Judge Peabody.
I found an Adele and a Louis Lewis living in the Parish of St. John Baptist in the 1880 US Census but I cannot be sure that they are the same couple.
If you have more information about Adele Gardiner/Gouvreanc I would love to hear it. I am full of questions; why did Charles Gardiner go to so much trouble to purchase Adele and her children? Was it for his wife, Celeste? How did Adele herself come up with 600 dollars? Was Charles Gardiner trying to protect Adele and her children or was he trying to prevent her emancipation?
This research was undertaken as a contibution to the #SlaveNameRollProject
Petition for Emancipation
US Census 1860
US Census 1880
1850 Slave Schedule~ Antoine Raly, Jackson, Mississippi